This branch of law covers personal injuries and the person who handles these types of cases is called a personal injury attorney. They are the legal person that represents the injured person in the civil law system. If you have been injured by a person or company you are entitled to sue those who you believe caused the injury no matter how serious the injury is. In the United States if you have been injured by intentional or negligent actions you can sue them under a body of common law referred to as the tort law system. Civil law and tort law systems are designed specifically to put the injured person back into the same position they would have been in if they had not been injured. One example is if a person has been injured and is experiencing pain and suffering, has incurred medical expenses, and damages they can sue who caused this injury to recover money to pay for the expenses.
When you have been injured you will need to hire a personal injury lawyer who will take down all the information about the injury, what expenses are occurring now and if any will be occurring in the future, any pain and suffering now and in the future, loss wages if any, etc. Once the personal injury attorney has all the information they will file the papers that are required with the court to institute the impending lawsuit. Many times it is common for both parties to settle out of court during the litigation. If both parties cannot reach an agreeable settlement the case would go to trial.
Before the case gets to the personal injury litigation phase the attorney will help you, referred to as the plaintiff, prove how you were injured and how the person you are suing is responsible whether it was through intentional wrong or negligence on their part. Most attorneys in the United States and Canada work on a contingent fee basis which basically means that the attorney will only get paid if you win your case. When you win the personal injury lawyer will receive a percentage of the settlement you won. Personal injury attorneys may represent you if you have been injured as a result of medical malpractice, a slip-and-fall incident, car accident, or assault and battery. Once you have hired a personal injury lawyer they will take care of all the paperwork, any doctor visits they need you to go to, and any witness statements in regards to the injury.
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